So its winter, the lights becoming less and less, you’ve probably accidentally overwatered & unfortunately you’ve probably noticed some of your houseplants have started to deteriorate.
The odd yellow leaf isn’t much to worry about but the best way to protect your collection is to propagate. We hear you, “ you should only propagate plants in spring/when they are actively growing” however you can do this during winter it just takes a little longer.
How to propagate:
Propagating is one of the most fun parts of having plants & if you’re successful free plants! There are a number of different ways you can propagate houseplants, so we’ve listed a few for you to try.
Before you pick your scissors up and you need to identify the nodes. These are the points along the stem where the leaves are attached. Always make your cuttings on the internode which is the stem area between two nodes. Use a sharp tool to cut diagonally & try not to cut too close to the node as this is where your plants roots will develop .
- Internodal stem cutting. This method is tried and tested and works best on hanging and vining plants like Monsteras, philodendrons, pothos, syngoniums & even marantas. If you make a cutting between two nodes, you’re able to make many new plants from the parent. From experience we find that these sorts of cuttings root better using water.
All you have to do is use a vessel like an old wine bottle or even a jam jar, make sure they’re clean & refresh the water every 1-2 weeks. Make sure to allow the roots to grow about an inch before potting up.
Alternatively, you can place your cutting horizontally, so that the node is in contact with the potting media, while the leaves remain on the top layer. You can use a hair pin to secure it to the soil.
- Stem tip or apical cutting. In this method, you will make just one cut per growing stem and your cutting will include the growing tip of the plant. Make sure to cut above a node. Carefully remove any leaves from the lower node and nestle the cutting vertically into the potting mix. Again like above you can propagate by using water.
Propagating from leaf cuttings results in entirely new baby plants that grow from the base of the leaf. When choosing a leaf to snip off look for the plumpest, healthiest & grown to full size to make your cutting from. When your new plant has developed a good root system you can remove the parent leaf.
- Leaf with petiole. A petiole is the stalk of the leaf that is attached to the plant stem. For plants like hoyas & peperomia the easiest method is to snip off healthy new leaves making sure you cut on the petiole close to the stem. Nestle the petiole into some potting mix.
- Leaf without petiole. Some plants’ leaves don’t have a petiole and are attached directly to the stem. Ever noticed sometimes you’ll see a leaf that has fallen off and has started to grow a new plant? Some Succulents like jades & echeveria can be propagated by gently removing a leaf from the stem, set the leaf cut side down into the soil just deep enough so the leaf is supported in a vertical position. Remember succulents are slow growing & need a little patience!
If you’d prefer to have all of your cuttings in one place and don’t want to litter your windowsills with wine bottles & pots of dirt we recommend creating a propagation box.
They’re simple to make so here’s we make ours.
- Start by choosing a clear box that allows ventilation
- Add a layer of drainage to the bottom.
- Add some damp sphagnum moss
- Add your cuttings.
- Place in a warm bright spot like a windowsill or under a grow light and wait for your roots to grow!
Top Tips :
- Keep your moss/growing medium moist don’t allow it to dry out or to become soggy!
- However you decide to grow your cuttings make sure there’s airflow.
- If your using the water method don’t forget to refresh the water regularly.
- You can add nutrients to your cuttings by adding some fertiliser
- Light is key! Don’t put your cuttings in a dark corner
Good Luck & don’t forget to show us if you’ve decided to experiment!